Money laundering is the criminal practice and process by which criminals are disguising proceeds from an underlying (predicate) crime to conceal their illegal origin and ownership and make the criminal proceeds appear to be legitimate.
Issues on anti money laundering and terrorist financing have since a number of years been at the top of the agenda in many international organisations. The adopted international standards are to be implemented on the national level by members of these organisations. The EU fourth Money laundering directive was adopted 2015-05-20 and shall be incorporated into national legislation by the member states 2017-06-26 at the latest. Sweden has already incorporated some parts of the new directive as i.a. the strenghtened PEPs rules and a current government Commission is expected to issue a proposal for further amended legislation in Feburary 2016.
In Sweden the EU third money laundering directive (2005/60/EC) and the EC implementation directive (2006/70/EC) have been transposed and implemented and a new Act (2009:62) on measures against money laundering and the financing of terrorism entered into force as of 15 March 2009. The Swedish FSA has also issued new Regulations and General Guidelines (FFFS 2009:1) on measures against money laundering and the financing of terrorism which entered into force as of 15 May 2009. Also other regulators on AML/CFT covering the non-financial sector entities and professionals have recently issued regulations.